History and images have been compiled from various sources including, among others, the 1987 National Register of Historic Places, Stack & Beasley's 1902 Sketches of Monroe and Union County, Union County Public Library (Patricia Poland, Genealogy & Local History Librarian), the Heritage Room Photo Collection, North Carolina Map Collection, Rootsweb - An Ancestry.com Community and Ancestry.com family histories.

Capt. C.M.T. McCauley

Suncrest or Monroe
City Cemetery 

Charles Maurice Tallyrand McCauley (1819-1896), son of William McCauley (1791-1836) and Virginia Stuart (1788-1846), was born in Orange County, NC. C.M.T. McCauley graduated from UNC Chapel Hill in 1838 with an A.B. Degree.

Capt. McCauley married Henrietta Fitzhenry Dillon (1825-1910) about 1845. Born in Union County, she was the daughter of Thomas P. Dillon (1772-1851), born in Ireland. The couple lived in the county; by 1870 lawyer C.M.T. McCauley and family were recorded in the Township of Monroe.

“According to previous notice, a meeting of the old soldiers of Union County, was held in the Court-house in Monroe on Saturday, the 2nd day of August, for the purpose of making arrangements and appointing the time for a general re-union of all the old soldiers in the county. The meeting was organized by calling Capt. C.M.T. McCAULEY to the Chair, and Geo. C. McLARTY was requested to act as Secretary...” - The Monroe Enquirer, Saturday, August 9, 1879

Children of C.M.T and Henrietta included: Thomas Dillon (1846-1896), Anna (1847-1914) married George W. Redfern, William (1849-1925), Emma (1852-1925) married William Askew, Mary (1854-), druggist Maurice Edward (1856-1928) married Harriet “Hattie” Liles, Matthew (1861-1931) married Emma F. Cuthbertson.

The 1880 Monroe Census recorded: Chas. M.T. McCauley 60 lawyer, Henrietta F. 49 wife, Thos. D. 32 son/lawyer, Maurice E. 22 son/druggist, Matthew 18 son/at school, Thos. P. Dillon 16 nephew/at school, Emma Askew 22 daughter, John M. Askew 4 grandson, Wm. 26 son/school teacher and servant Maria McCauley 74.
St. Luke's Photo and ID

C.M.T. McCauley was captain of Company C. 10th Battalion, North Carolina Heavy Artillery. (Also in Company C were J.A. Grady, T. Walter Bickett and Samuel S. McCauley.

Capt. McCauley also served in the State Senate from Union County and in the State Legislature.

"Among country people in those days there was here and there a man of learning such as Captain C.M.T. McCauley: 'He read widely in ancient literature, cultivated the classics in their original tongue, kept up his Latin,' but then a typical Bennett deviation, 'and gave little heed to his apparel.'" - Judge Risden Tyler Bennett of Anson County, North Carolina, quoted in A Cavalcade of Typical Southern Country Folks by Clarence H. Poe.  

"McCauley Heights"
In 1896 St. Luke’s Evangelical Lutheran Church (organized 1889) conducted a school in the basement of the church. The photo notes Charles Maurice Talleyrand McCauley in a silk top hat and that his home place was in McCauley Heights (now Five Points); four Monroe streets carrying his name. (church history)

National Register: C.M.T. McCauley owned an estate which included land located in the eastern portion of the district… In 1902 W.S. Blakeney of Chesterfield County, S.C. purchased four lots in McCauley Heights on which he had his house constructed in 1903 (418 E. Franklin).

McCauley Family Cemetery
Chapel Hill
Matthew McCauley 1750-1832), son of Erin McCauley and grandfather of Capt. Charles Maurice Tallyrand McCauley (1819-1896), entered the Continental Service in the spring of 1776 and served as a Lieutenant in the 10th NC Regiment and 6th Regiment for two years and one month. He served under Colonel Archibald Lytle, Generals Ashe, and Lincoln. Matthew McCauley was at Valley Forge with Washington’s army the winter of 1777/1778. In the summer of 1778 his Lieutenancy expired and he returned to New Hope. It was sometime later in the summer that Matthew McCauley received his Commission of Captain in the Continental Service. He was appointed Captain of a Company of militia in July 1781. On September 15 1781, he was taken prisoner when Tory forces under the command of Colonel Fanning captured the town of Hillsboro, North Carolina. He was taken along with other prisoners to Wilmington, NC where he was put aboard prison ship Eske to be taken by sea to Charleston, South Carolina. Six months later, at either the end of March or beginning of April, he was exchanged and returned home “in bad health and much sickness, and complained much of the bad usage he received from the British while on board the prison ship.” On September 1, 1782, he was drafted to raise troops for the Militia for a three month term in Hillsboro, and arrived back home around the first of December of that year. (ancestry.com post)

Together, Matthew and his brother William donated 250 acres for the University of North Carolina. The McCauley Family Papers, 1788-1872, are in the Southern Historical Collection at the Louis Round Wilson Special Collections Library at UNC. MORE>>>

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